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A few weeks after the election of Jair Bolsonaro as Brazil president, environmentalists, or anyone concerned about the planet and the environment for that matter, are looking at Brazil with tears in their eyes as the future of the Amazon as never been so uncertain, to not say doomed.

 

Deforestation has always been a huge part of the environmental problem, but with all hopes to stop the one happening in the Amazon definitely buried, it’s even more the time to seriously look at the problem and consider actions.

 

选举Jair Bolsonaro担任巴西总统几周后,环境保护主义者或任何关心地球和环境问题的人都在眼睁睁地看着巴西,因为亚马逊的未来从未如此不确定,不要说注定了。

 

砍伐森林一直是环境问题的一个重要组成部分,但是所有试图阻止亚马逊地区发生的事情都被埋没了,现在更是时候认真看待问题并考虑行动了。

 

 

What is deforestation?

什么是砍伐森林?

 

Deforestation is the clearing or removal of forests or standing trees for non-forest purposes, such as farms or urban use. Currently, forests cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area. Rainforests tend to be the most heavily impacted areas of deforestation. At its current rate, rainforests could disappear completely in the next one hundred years, according to the national geographic.

 

Every minute, 36 football fields worth of trees are lost to deforestation. Much of this land is converted into agriculture use to grow more crops or graze more livestock. Another driver of deforestation is the logging industry, which provides the world’s wood and paper products.

 

砍伐森林是为了非森林的目的而清除或移除森林或树木,例如农场或城市用途。目前,森林覆盖了世界陆地面积的约30%。雨林往往是森林砍伐受影响最严重的地区。根据国家地理位置,按照目前的速度,雨林在未来一百年内可能完全消失。

 

每分钟都有36个足球场的树木因砍伐森林而丢失。这些土地大部分转化为农业用途,以种植更多的作物或放牧更多的牲畜。砍伐森林的另一个驱动因素是伐木业,它提供世界上的木材和纸制品。

 

 

Effects of Deforestation:

 

Deforestation has a negative effect on the environment and greenhouse emissions. According to the World Carfree Network (WCN), most analysts attribute upwards of  15 percent to deforestation, while cars and trucks account for about 14 percent of global carbon emissions. The process of felling trees releases their stored carbon into the atmosphere. Also, the less trees there is on the planet, the less greenhouse gases can be absorbed by them. Trees play a key role in the local water cycle by helping to keep a balance between the water on land and water in the atmosphere. But when deforestation occurs, that balance can be thrown off, because more sunlight hits the dirt and can dry up the soil. This can result in changes in precipitation and river flow.

 

Another harmful effect is the loss of habitat deforestation creates. Forests are home to 80 percent of the world’s plant and animal biodiversity. These animals cannot survive as humans destroy their homes. Deforestation has a multitude of negative effects on the environment from climate change, greenhouse gases, and loss of biodiversity.

 

砍伐森林的影响:

 

砍伐森林对环境和温室气体排放有负面影响。据世界无车网络(WCN)称,大多数分析师认为砍伐森林的比例高达15%,而汽车和卡车占全球碳排放量的14%左右。砍伐树木的过程将储存的碳释放到大气中。此外,地球上的树木越少,它们可以吸收的温室气体就越少。树木通过帮助保持陆地上的水和大气中的水之间的平衡,在当地水循环中发挥关键作用。但是当森林砍伐发生时,这种平衡就会被抛弃,因为更多的阳光会照射到泥土上并使土壤变干。这可能导致降水和河流流量的变化。

 

另一个有害影响是森林砍伐造成的栖息地丧失。森林是世界上80%的植物和动物生物多样性的家园。当人类摧毁他们的家园时,这些动物无法生存。砍伐森林对气候变化,温室气体和生物多样性丧失造成了许多负面影响。

 

 

The Brazil case:

 

The world’s largest rainforest, Amazon Rainforest, spans 670 million hectares. 34 million people live in the Amazon and depend on it for resources. Amazon is the biggest front for deforestation. WWF estimates that 27 percent of the Amazon biome will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of deforestation continues. A common pattern in deforestation appears as the trees closest to roads get felled first. Areas with more roads and highways are the most vulnerable to deforestation.

 

Brazil is responsible for half of the deforestation in the Amazon, but deforestation in Bolivia and Peru is increasing. Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon was dramatically reduced between 2005 and 2015; increased in 2016, then fell in 2017. Preliminary figures from IMAZON suggest the trend has now reversed, with deforestation up 22 percent between August 2017 and May 2018, compared to the same period the previous year. This recent increase in deforestation has been attributed to the agribusiness lobby that has pushed to loosen regulation and shrink conservation units.

 

巴西案例:

 

世界上最大的热带雨林 - 亚马逊热带雨林,面积6.7亿公顷。亚马逊有3400万人依靠它来获取资源。亚马逊是森林砍伐的最大前沿。世界自然基金会估计,如果目前的森林砍伐率继续下去,到2030年亚马逊生物群落的27%将没有树木。森林砍伐中常见的模式出现在最靠近道路的树木首先被砍伐。道路和公路较多的地区最容易遭受森林砍伐。

 

巴西负责亚马逊地区一半的森林砍伐,但玻利维亚和秘鲁的森林砍伐正在增加。巴西亚马逊地区的森林砍伐在2005年至2015年期间大幅减少; 2016年增加,然后在2017年下降。来自IMAZON的初步数据表明这一趋势现已逆转,20178月至20185月的森林砍伐与去年同期相比增加了22%。最近森林砍伐的增加归因于农业综合企业游说团体已经推动放松监管和缩小保护单位。

 

 

 

We need to take action!

 

The newest threat to Brazil’s Amazon is now its own president; that has also been dubbed Brazil’s Donald Trump. Bolsonaro will support the exploitation and deforestation of the Amazon by opening it to economic exploitation, greatly expand energy production, abolish Brazil’s environmental ministry. If going as announced during the campaign, the effects will be not only on the environment but on the indigenous people that will not only be persecuted but will see their lands disappear for good.

 

At a time where reforestation would be one of our greatest chance, the acceleration can only be seen as a very sad news calling for urgent solutions...

 

We’ll meet you on a next article, where we’ll be looking at the solutions found by organizations and companies to positively contribute to this major threat...

 

我们需要采取行动!

 

对巴西亚马逊的最新威胁现在是它自己的总统;这也被称为巴西的唐纳德特朗普。 Bolsonaro将通过开放经济开发来支持亚马逊的开采和砍伐,大大扩展能源生产,废除巴西的环境部。如果在竞选期间宣布,影响将不仅对环境有影响,对土着人民的影响不仅会受到迫害,而且会让他们的土地永远消失。

 

在重新造林将成为我们最大的机会之一的时候,加速只能被视为一个非常悲伤的消息,呼吁采取紧急解决方案......

 

我们将在下一篇文章中与您见面,我们将在这篇文章中查看组织和公司发现的解决方案,为这一重大威胁做出积极贡献......

 

 

 

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Goodbye Wildlife, It Was Nice Meeting You. 一个反野生物和生物多性的阴

The Devastating Reality Of Palm Oil : 油背后闻见的真

 

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