As the globe’s population continues to increase, so is the volume of plastic pollution that people produce. Current customs and lifestyles demand easily disposable items, such as tin cans or bottles of cold drinks and water, but the stockpiling of these items has caused to increase the bulks of plastic pollution around the globe. Plastic is composed of many harmful pollutants, it can effect harmfully to the environment in the form of air, water and land pollution.
Plastic is an omnipresent in packaging for edibles, toys and in every type of item in between. Despite doing and carrying out remarkable recycling labor; plastic cannot—as opposed to aluminum and glass—be recycled constantly. Plastic is also ill-famed as it is hard to decompose, it takes between 500 and 1,000 years (depending upon the nature of plastic) for plastic to decompose properly.
As much as 12.7m metric tons of plastic goes into oceans annually. More than 90% of plastic waste goes into the oceans and rivers. And near about, 70% of that waste is produced by food and cold drink packaging. According to World Economic Forum, there would be more plastic in water than fish. Every plastic ever made still exists and turns into micro and nano plastics, sea animals mistaken plastic waste as food. Around one in six fish is contaminated with plastic particles. Micro-plastics are killing fish before they even reach their reproductive age.
Carbon usually, it’s produced from oil, a fossil fuel byproduct which is harmful for the environment. Moreover, many types of plastics aren't biodegradable. And although some plastics can be recycled, most can’t (either because aren’t recyclable or because its nor done). For example, 25% percent of the more than (3.2 billion KGs) of discarded PVC is recycled annually in the U.S., and PVC is one of the world's widely used plastics.
每年有多达1270万吨塑料流入海洋, 超过90%的塑料垃圾流入海洋和河流。大约70%的废物是由食品和冷饮包装产生的。根据世界经济论坛（World Economic Forum）的数据，江河湖海中的塑料比鱼多。每一种塑料制品依然存在，并转化成微型和纳米塑料。海洋动物把塑料垃圾误认为是食物，六分之一的鱼被塑料微粒污染。微塑料在鱼类达到生育年龄之前就开始残害它们。
There are rock-hard reasons for seeking eco-friendlier alternatives to ordinary plastics — namely, plant-based plastics. These so-called bio-plastics are bio-degradable They’ll also reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, reducing plastic’s carbon footprint.
Evoware, an Indonesian company, succeeded in developing an eco-friendly and amazingly an edible packaging in an effort to eliminate waste. Evoware’s founder, David Christian, hopes to replace plastic with newly developed biodegradable seaweed packaging that can be eaten with the food inside the packaging. He shares his story by saying, “I am collaborating with my friends who see seaweed as potential material to create products that can change the future.”
David Christian's country, Indonesia, is the world’s second biggest plastic pollution creator. Most of the plastic waste ends up in oceans and rivers. Evoware utilizes seaweed as it does not create pollution, also it is biodegradable, it absorbs a lot of carbon dioxide while growing and does not require fertilizers to, water, or any other resources to grow up. This plant is very nutritious as it is very high in fiber and vitamins.
As Indonesia is largest seaweed producer. A big part of seaweed is not consumed and is wasted. “Because of long marketing chain, and most of the seaweed farmers are poor, causing their children to be malnourished, and they cannot afford to go to a school”, adds Christian. If seaweed is further used to develop similar things than this could help the farmers to become economically strong and earn a sophisticated livelihood.
It can be used for making coffee sachets, seasoning sachets, burger wraps, sanitary napkins and toothpicks.
Seaweed packaging has many remarkable advantages over ordinary packaging as it is biodegradable and can be used as a fertilizer, it is printable and can also be heat sealed, these packaging have 2 years of shelf life without preservatives. Edible bioplastic sachet can be customized for taste, color and brand logo.
As of now, seaweed packaging costs more than plastic packaging, but with growing interest the company hopes that this will become cheaper.