Since plastic production began in the 1950s, plastic has been accumulating ever since in our marine environment. Approximately 9 million plastic particles enter the ocean on an annual basis and take hundreds of years to be decomposed. Some people are looking for alternatives to address this disaster. Let us present you three original alternatives to reduce plastic quantity in the oceans.
1. The plastic that you can drink
我们最近在《生物塑料：奇迹还是营销效果？ 》一文中谈及生物塑料背后的真相。但芸芸产品当中，有一项新发明似乎突围而出──Avani Eco生物塑料。
Avani Eco produces a wide range of goods: bio-cassava bags, ponchos, paper products, boxes, wooden cutlery and many more. Their particularity? They say their bioplastic is safe to drink. In a TED talk available on the Internet, the company founder puts his product in a glass of water, waits for it to dissolve for a few seconds and then drinks the glass in front of astonished spectators.
Avani Eco制造一系列产品：木薯胶袋、披风、纸品、盒子、木制餐具等等。它们有何特别？ Avani Eco指他们的生物塑料能被安全的喝下肚。在一场网络上可重温的TED讲座上，公司的创办人把他的产品放进一杯清水里，不消几秒产品即溶于水中，然后他在惊叹不已的观众面前将水一饮而尽。
Avani products are made from industrial grade cassava starch and other natural ingredients and do not contain any petroleum-based components. They are as strong as normal plastic bags and can therefore be reused as many times as possible before to be turned into compost at the end of their lives.
2. The 6 packs to feed animals
Plastic six packs are unbreakable and have a devastating effect on marine life. In addition to the fact that they are plastic pollution, many marine animals find themselves trapped with plastic rings of six packs around their necks or bodies. Some animals are strangled or end up with a deformed body and underdeveloped organs. The company E6pr has found a solution to this problem.
E6pr is the creator of a 100% biodegradable and edible six packs. Animals can safely eat this packaging, if they encounter it. The packs are used in several breweries around the world, in the USA, South Africa and Australia. This is still not enough, and it is necessary to make them become more widespread, so that other breweries and shops will start using the packs.
3. The biodegradable fishing nets
Abandoned fishing nets that remain in the sea, also called “ghost nets,” continue to catch fish and trap aquatic mammals, such as dolphins and whales, before breaking down into millions of tiny plastic pieces.
During his engineering studies in 2014, Alejandro Plasencia created the “Remora system”: biodegradable fishing nets and tracking tags for fishermen. The nets are made of a polymer with an additive called d2w in the threads that helps the net degrade in an environmentally responsible way.
The aim is to prevent marine mammals from being trapped in lost trawling equipment. Thanks to radio-frequency identification tags, the system also helps fishermen to find and repair damaged nets instead of abandoning them.
Even if great new products are invented to replace plastic, this does not mean that we have to use them more than necessary! The best way to reduce plastic in our oceans is still to reduce our consumption and reuse as much as possible. As the saying goes “reduce, reuse, recycle.”
Sources/资料来源 : https://www.alternet.org/environment/indestructible-plastic-six-pack-rings-kill-countless-wildlife-not-new-edible-variety / https://www.e6pr.com/where-to-find-us / https://www.craftbeer.com/editors-picks/saltwater-brewery-creates-edible-six-pack-rings / https://www.avanieco.com/ / https://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/16/world/cassava-plastic/index.html / https://www.dezeen.com/2014/11/16/remora-alejandro-plasencia-rfid-tracked-biodegradable-fishing-nets-recycle/ / https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/stories/are-biodegradable-fishing-nets-solution-ravages-ghost-nets / https://www.businessgreen.com/bg/opinion/3036632/as-far-as-waste-is-concerned-bioplastics-are-still-plastics / https://www.alejandroplasencia.com/ https://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology/trackable-biodegradable-fish-nets-could-put-end-ghost-nets.html / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio-frequency_identification / https://eia-international.org/the-shocking-impacts-of-plastic-pollution-in-our-oceans/ /
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